01 Jun

BSNL > Softlayer connectivity problem & possible fix

It’s late night here in India. I am having final 8th semester exams and as usual really bored! 

Though this time we have interesting subjects but still syllabus is pretty boring spreading across multiple books, notes and pdf’s. Anyways I will be out of college after June which sounds good.


Tonight, I found a routing glitch. Yes a routing glitch!! 🙂

These issues somehow keep my life in orbit and give a good understanding on how routing works over the Internet.



OK – so the issue

I noticed a really bad (forward) route from my BSNL’s connection to hostgator.in website hosted in Softlayer Singapore. Let’s look at forward path:

anurag:~ anurag$ traceroute -a hostgator.in
traceroute to hostgator.in (, 64 hops max, 52 byte packets
1 [AS65534] router.home ( 1.189 ms 0.910 ms 0.810 ms
2 [AS9829] ( 17.707 ms 21.147 ms 16.925 ms
3 [AS9829] ( 30.195 ms 29.766 ms 29.976 ms
4 [AS9829] ( 75.432 ms 77.488 ms 76.761 ms
5 [AS6453] if-11-1-1.mcore3.laa-losangeles.as6453.net ( 368.104 ms 303.206 ms 309.964 ms
6 [AS6453] if-10-2-0-14.tcore2.lvw-losangeles.as6453.net ( 309.070 ms 308.725 ms 310.073 ms
7 [AS6453] ( 317.050 ms 318.714 ms 398.408 ms
8 [AS2914] ae-5.r21.lsanca03.us.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 305.672 ms * 304.480 ms
9 [AS2914] as-2.r20.osakjp01.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 414.205 ms
[AS2914] as-1.r21.tokyjp01.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 485.451 ms
[AS2914] as-2.r20.osakjp01.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 414.272 ms
10 [AS2914] ae-3.r24.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 381.221 ms
[AS2914] ae-1.r23.osakjp01.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 420.412 ms
[AS2914] ae-3.r25.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 372.768 ms
11 [AS2914] ae-7.r25.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 394.899 ms
[AS2914] ae-7.r24.tokyjp05.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 406.922 ms
[AS2914] ae-2.r00.tokyjp03.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 491.190 ms
12 [AS2914] ae-3.r00.tokyjp03.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 399.065 ms
[AS2914] xe-0-0-0.bbr01.eq01.tok01.networklayer.com ( 307.955 ms
[AS2914] ae-2.r00.tokyjp03.jp.bb.gin.ntt.net ( 392.937 ms
13 [AS2914] xe-0-0-0.bbr01.eq01.tok01.networklayer.com ( 310.298 ms
[AS36351] ae1.bbr01.eq01.sng02.networklayer.com ( 306.396 ms
[AS2914] xe-0-0-0.bbr01.eq01.tok01.networklayer.com ( 407.191 ms
14 [AS36351] ae5.dar01.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 388.660 ms
[AS36351] ae5.dar02.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 303.546 ms 409.645 ms
15 [AS36351] po2.fcr01.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 407.589 ms
[AS36351] ae5.dar02.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 310.587 ms
[AS36351] po2.fcr01.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 305.969 ms
16 [AS36351] po2.fcr01.sr03.sng01.networklayer.com ( 363.405 ms * 309.151 ms
17 * * *
18 * * *


BSNL (India) >> IPLC circuit >> Tata AS6453 Los Angeles, California >> NTT (US) >> NTT (Asia) >> NTT (Tokyo) >> Softlayer (Tokyo) >> Softlayer (Singapore)


Pretty bad. Ideally route should be BSNL > Upstream – Tata/Reliance/Airtel/Vodafone > Singapore (that’s it. Over!)


Interesting enough that Softlayer operates a nice looking glass and hence I was able to trace return path to my home router from there to get idea of complete route.

bbr02.eq01.sng02> traceroute
HOST: bbr02.eq01.sng02-re0 Loss% Snt Last Avg Best Wrst StDev
1. 0.0% 5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.0
2. 0.0% 5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.0 <<< PCCW Global
3. 0.0% 5 11.1 7.4 0.6 12.7 5.1 <<< Tata AS6453
4. 0.0% 5 0.6 2.4 0.6 9.6 4.0
5. 0.0% 5 62.1 61.2 60.7 62.1 0.6
6. 0.0% 5 97.7 73.3 60.8 97.7 17.4
7. 0.0% 5 103.2 75.0 59.6 103.2 18.1
8. 0.0% 5 61.1 74.0 61.1 88.9 12.4 <<< Tata AS6453
9. 0.0% 5 91.7 92.6 91.7 96.3 2.0 <<<< VSNL AS4755
10. 0.0% 5 95.5 96.5 95.5 99.7 1.8 <<<< Hits BSNL AS9829
11. 0.0% 5 106.6 110.4 106.4 126.2 8.8
12. 0.0% 5 106.3 107.0 106.3 108.6 1.0
13. ???



Overall pretty good and direct. Basically latency value is also as we expect till hop 12 because forward route (i.e from BSNL > Softlayer) is direct from BSNL router on hop 12 but for routers below it they are taking route via US. Return path trace is not showing those routers because BSNL is dropping ICMP.


Reason for problem:

Forward path is terribly bad here because BSNL let usual BGP route selection algorithm to deal with it. Basically BSNL is getting multiple routes for that prefix from Softlayer. One from it’s IP port in India with Tata-VSNL AS4755 and other from it’s port from Tata in Los Angles (Tata AS6453) over IPLC.


So possible routes as per AS paths are:

AS9829 > AS4755 > AS6453 > AS2914 > AS36351 

AS9829 > AS6453 > AS2914 > AS36351


Based on default property of BGP, it is picking short AS path i.e 2nd one. In case of #1 BGP session between BSNL AS9829 and Tata-VSNL AS4755 is within India. 

For example:

1 [AS65534] router.home ( 1.709 ms 0.912 ms 0.982 ms
2 [AS9829] ( 17.451 ms 18.075 ms 19.029 ms
3 [AS9829] ( 21.843 ms 24.584 ms 22.491 ms
4 [AS4755] ( 57.399 ms 58.563 ms 57.446 ms


Very likely BGP session here is configured on usual /30 subnet with one IP on BSNL side, one on Tata’s side, third one as broadcast and 4th lying useless due to Math game!

So is part of that /30. Let’s ping it:

anurag:~ anurag$ ping -c 5
PING ( 56 data bytes
64 bytes from icmp_seq=0 ttl=58 time=63.286 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=58 time=66.029 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=58 time=59.063 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=58 time=59.439 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=4 ttl=58 time=61.719 ms

— ping statistics —
5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 59.063/61.907/66.029/2.573 ms
anurag:~ anurag$


60ms latency – for sure Mumbai and all good here.


Now let’s look at IP just next to it:


anurag:~ anurag$ ping -c 5
PING ( 56 data bytes
64 bytes from icmp_seq=0 ttl=251 time=28.784 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=251 time=25.586 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=251 time=28.631 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=251 time=26.905 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=4 ttl=251 time=26.213 ms

— ping statistics —
5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 25.586/27.224/28.784/1.282 ms
anurag:~ anurag$


Half latency and that’s BSNL router in Delhi/Noida where they are taking drop from Tata. It’s BSNL’s router but sitting on Tata’s IP for BGP session. So this clearly tells that when we see routes from AS9829 to AS4755 Tata-VSNL they are between routers within India.


Now coming back to bad route between BSNL and Softlayer, in that case first few hops are:

1 [AS65534] router.home ( 1.189 ms 0.910 ms 0.810 ms
2 [AS9829] ( 17.707 ms 21.147 ms 16.925 ms
3 [AS9829] ( 30.195 ms 29.766 ms 29.976 ms
4 [AS9829] ( 75.432 ms 77.488 ms 76.761 ms
5 [AS6453] if-11-1-1.mcore3.laa-losangeles.as6453.net ( 368.104 ms 303.206 ms 309.964 ms


Hop 5 has latency of 300ms (usual for India > US routes). Again assuming is coming from /30 and as per usual BSNL practice next IP in that subnet i.e would be on BSNL’s side, let’s ping

anurag:~ anurag$ ping -c 5
PING ( 56 data bytes
64 bytes from icmp_seq=0 ttl=250 time=373.483 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=250 time=395.493 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=250 time=419.340 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=250 time=305.460 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=4 ttl=250 time=362.598 ms

— ping statistics —
5 packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 305.460/371.275/419.340/38.232 ms
anurag:~ anurag$



Hmm….300ms latency. Unexpected. I thought this router was in India but this seems slightly complex. Likely BGP session here is using BSNL’s /30 subnet and not via Tata Comm’s subnet. 

OK – let’s see last IP from BSNL on that trace – it was Let’s ask Tata AS6453 Los Angles LAA router via AS6453 Looking Glass for BGP table:


Router: gin-laa-mcore3
Site: US, Los angeles, LAA
Command: show ip bgp

BGP routing table entry for
Bestpath Modifiers: deterministic-med
Paths: (2 available, best #1)
14 16 17 18
ix-3-2.mcore3.LAA-LosAngeles. from ix-3-2.mcore3.LAA-LosAngeles. (
Origin IGP, valid, external, best
9829, (received-only)
ix-3-2.mcore3.LAA-LosAngeles. from ix-3-2.mcore3.LAA-LosAngeles. (
Origin IGP, valid, external


So BGP route is via –

Let’s trace:

traceroute to (, 64 hops max, 52 byte packets
1 router.home ( 4.047 ms 0.875 ms 0.958 ms
2 ( 18.779 ms 17.490 ms 19.334 ms
3 ( 44.040 ms 32.802 ms 29.831 ms
4 ( 82.626 ms 87.126 ms 84.243 ms
5 ( 86.061 ms 85.503 ms 83.003 ms


Here we go!

So clearly BSNL on is placed in India and is having a BGP session with Tata AS6453 router in Los Angeles. This is over an IPLC circuit of Tata Communications. 


Possible fix…

Following an amazing quote – “Never call it a problem unless you have the solution!

So problem here is not really via Tata’s network. They are just selling bandwidth in form of two products – IP Transit & IPLC. It’s BSNL’s wrong idea of using IPLC carelessly. Likely BSNL won’t care or put much effort in fixing it. 

There can be a possible fix from Softlayer side. If they blackhole prefix announcement to BSNL AS9829 via Tata AS6453, BSNL will never pick their IPLC (or even IP) route. Instead they will just pick route via any other upstream like Airtel or Reliance Globalcom.  


Let’s look at relationship of Tata AS6453 with PCCW Global (upstream for Softlayer)

anurag:~ anurag$ whois -h whois.radb.net as6453 | grep -w AS3491
import: from AS3491 action pref = 100; accept AS-CAIS
export: to AS3491 announce AS-GLOBEINTERNET
import: from AS3491 action pref = 100; accept AS-CAIS
export: to AS3491 announce AS-GLOBEINTERNET
anurag:~ anurag$


Clearly both are peering! 

Based on presentation from Mr Amit Dunga (from Tata Communications) at SANOG, here’s list of BGP communities used by Tata AS6453:

Screen Shot 2013-06-01 at 12.30.35 AM



Thus if Softlayer could get it’s upstream providers (like PCCW in this specific case) to use 65009:9829 – this will ensure that route learnt by Tata AS6453 from PCCW Global AS3491 is NOT exported to BSNL AS9829. Thus BSNL will instead get route via Bharti Airtel AS9498 or Reliance AS18101.


I just sent this detailed info as email to Softlayer and BSNL. And oh yes – I don’t know why hostgator.in is hosted in Softlayer Singapore anyways. They provide hosting in India out of Ctrls datacenter. Why they host their own home site in Singapore is something beyond my understanding!


With hopes that your packets to Singapore are not routing via US, time for me to get back to my “cramming” for exams. 🙂

15 thoughts on “BSNL > Softlayer connectivity problem & possible fix

  1. Is there any way to fix this currently without changing the ISP?
    And is the ping only damaged to SoftLayer or some other hosts too?

    • There’s not much you (as end user on BSNL) can do other then switching ISP. And this damage is with few providers only including Softlayer as being primary one.

  2. I’ve been pondering over the same issue for almost 2 months now. This whole issue started when the undersea cable was severed in Egypt. The routing changed to compensate for line loss.

    The cable was repaired and it has almost become a month now and the routing path has not changed since. All other countries have rectified their issues allowing smooth operation of network services.

    I have absolutely no faith in BSNL because the last time I went to my nodal officer to rectify bandwidth cap issues, he assumed that we thought of him as ‘uneducated’. The problem here is ego. Anyway BSNL is a fast sinking ship and is nearing bankruptcy.

  3. Hello, Anurag, I read this post of your while I was trying to understand latency of BSNL broadband services. Since, I am not so technical the post which you wrote flew over my brain. I play a lot of multiplayer FPS games and I find huge lag while ingame which sometimes makes it impossible for me to play. Other players often complain that they see me teleporting. I continiously check the stats ingame to check how my connection is performing which shocks me further as it is the same which the other players are getting. I am still unable to understand the main reason for the problem. Since I live in an area where private ISPs do not provide their services I am bound to stick with BSNL. Is is something to do with latency which I have heard is the main reason why BSNL sucks. Please suggest a way to take care of this unwanted lag. Thanks

    • The only possible workaround can be to find a cheap VM provider in India close to your city and run say OpenVPN on that machine. Ask the providing datacenter for sample IPs and ensure that you get optimum latency all the time with those IPs. Let’s say if you are in North, try finding VM hosted in Delhi NCR, if you are in West/Maharashtra area then try some VM based in Mumbai etc.

      Likely you would be able to get very stable low latency to VM. So say if you get 30ms latency to VM on a good datacenter’s network then rest you can pump your traffic via it and it will surely give you much better latencies.

      Have fun!

  4. Its make VPN disconnect all time cannot work from home so unreliable maybe they to take help from company like akamai which reduce hop.

  5. Sir. Can you suggest me solution for play online FPS in BSNL network ? I’m getting usually 300+ms ping in most of the servers. but its 80-85 ms for google.com. I dont know about these network things. Please give me a solution. Thank you 🙂

    • There’s no quick and easy solution to this issue. Only tweak you can do (besides switching ISP) is to use a VPN provider with server in India and which has decent connectivity with BSNL. If you can’t find any such VPN customer, then look for a Virtual machine provider and create your own VPN on top of that.

      Good luck!

Leave a Reply