17 Jun

NOFN and some thoughts

Today I came across a nicely written article in Business Standard on NOFN. Article’s title was “NOFN: A distant dream“. I must say it is one of good articles I have seen so far on the topic and most of other articles appeared to be factually incorrect and more like Press Releases of UPA.


Some key points from the Business Standard article:

According to a top official at the Department of Telecommunications (DoT), the project was conceptualised without a proper study. “NOFN would connect 2.5 lakh villages from the block level. But, no study was done on the details on optic fibre still the Block level, and how healthy those fibres are.

Experts say that the NOFN project does not include service offering. It is just about the laying of optic fibres. For end-to-end services, service providers will have to set up their own infrastructure at the gram panchayat level.

While the initial cost was projected at Rs 20,000 crore for the NOFN project, private companies will need to pump in much more than this amount to offer services to end customers.


These are precisely the points I have been raising with experts from industry from over an year. The whole BBNL project seem to have come as if UPA 2 was desperately trying to copy Australia’s NBN. The whole logic of copying NBN doesn’t makes sense at all because India has completely different challenge then that of Australia w.r.t broadband penetration and challenges. The very basic reason on why we (the Indians) tend to do such crappy projects is because of our dumb Indian bureaucracy who further work under pretty poor political  leadership.  Though with political leadership I am very hopeful as well this time under NDA Government but the way whole bureaucracy works it’s still a major concern.


Last week I was invited by XPRIZE foundation for a workshop on “Global Connectivity & Internet challenges” and there I got chance to interact with many good people (and some “not-so-good” people too). I got chance to meet one of advisors of Mr Sam Pitroda who recently got out of job. The guy was a young consultant, a completely non-technical person who approaches problems in “consultant kind off” approach and in the end does nothing other then being PR agent for Govt. indirectly. I asked him – What India will get out of BBNL when it’s just connecting gram Panchayats and there’s no clear plan at all on how people in rural areas would be connected in the end? His reply was just nothing.  I pushed him to comment on why Govt. made BSNL so terrible and he even didn’t accept that BSNL was terrible. That’s the problem with these non-technical consultants who don’t understand basics of connectivity and just can’t get anything done. In the end I was disgusted and had to end the conversation with him.


First and foremost some specific technical thoughts on whole project:

  1. Connecting graph Panchayats will not help. What is needed is last mile access network and BSNL does has significant chunk of copper based last mile right now. We can easily make use of it and reach out to a significant number of urban and suburban areas today given there’s a will power on Govt. side to do it and a kick to existing BSNL leadership.
  2. Loose on regulation and make ISP licenses free, yes just free and let village one man company to open ISPs and wire up real India.
  3. Make consistant policy on Rights of Way (RoI) across PAN India.
  4. Fix NIXI policies 🙂
  5. Keep in mind that though rural is a challenge and an even bigger problem is lack of broadband in key Tier 1 cities where there is a existing demand.

With that being said, after working in Indian (as well a bit International) industry for sometime. There are some key issues wrong in India.


What’s so wrong with India?

  1. Indian bureaucrats – from the day when they top UPSC exam till the date they retire, there’s a sense of achievement even though most of them achieve nothing in lifetime.
  2. Indian media loves to day dream about such project and showcases a completely wrong picture of such projects.
  3. Fact that if anything…just ANYTHING is done for “rural India” it feels good while anything for urban is bad is being carried over in India from over 60 years now and the situation goes worst during Congress led governments.


With (strong) hope that BJP will do much better, I will write a mail to current telecom minister highlighting these problems. Let’s see how it goes. Ending this port with 38th Episode of Clothesline covering interesting news coverage of our Indian media. 🙂




Back to work! 🙂



Disclaimer: Thoughts are completely personal and in no way reflect thoughts of my employer.

3 thoughts on “NOFN and some thoughts

  1. Better would be using WiMax for rural area’s as a pilot project, a high speed internet is not required to educate people as how to use internet, with RADIO it will much easier to reach interiors and will cost less. as for your suggestion of ISP license, it seems u also is inclined towards NBN model, which can never be a reality in india. Rather the ISP’s in india shall proactiviely expand their network to rural areas in co-ordiantion with PSU’s like GAIL,RAILTEL, PGCIL and BSNL.

    As per your comments on BSNL copper, we all know how much healthy that would be, for example a local 8 pair copper cable cannot handle six BSNL broadband DSL and landlines at the peak. its very easy to blame the bureaucracy but what initiatives did service providers take ???? nobody has so far written to govt for open bidding of internet expansion to rural India.

    A little bit of introspective about expanding service to not so know areas will yield profits in long run and also a stable ground for business.

  2. You have a very negative opinion of govt servants which is unfortunate. Agreed we are currently in a sorry state of affairs. That is largely due to a whole lot of reasons. Political , population explosion, culture, education etc..

    That said, we have extremely good bright minds out there who serve the nation. The good ones are waiting for ideal conditions to come out provided there is political will.

    Fiber is the way to go and not copper. We should not have a chalta he attitude when it comes to nation building.

    Why not bring in our cable industry into picture. They have invested huge amounts in fiber and co-axical cable. They are virtually everywhere. BBNL should strike a deal with them.

  3. Dear Anurag,
    The NOFN project is a major blunder of UPA Government. The same blunder continues in NDA government under the name Digital India. I wrote many letters, mails and facebook messages to the ministry officials, Hon’ble Minister of Telecom and PM too. But no respone.

    Since I am working in the Service Provider Industry for the last 12 Yrs, I can evaluate the usefulness of the project. Rs.37K Crores of People’s money is being wasted. I can only be a mere spectator and could not do anything inspite of knowing fully well that this will not workout.

    Rather I sent an elaborate whitepaper on the project and how this could be done successfully and make it useful to all the sections of the society including government. No response.

    This is what the state of affairs in India. Men may come and Men may go in Indian Government but their policies of wasting national resources will never change.

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