29 Nov

Facebook FNA node update

In March 2018 I mapped nodes of Facebook globally using the airport string they use in the CDN URLs (detailed post here). Since then I posted a couple of times updates on as they are adding more nodes. There also have been questions via emails and comments on the blog in recent times about updated data.

Here goes latest data as on 22 Nov 2019. It’s published here.

Global stats

  • Total nodes increased from 2204 as from Aug 2018 to 3184 now in Nov 2019.
  • Highest number FNA nodes are AS28573 (CLARO S.A., BR). They have 111 nodes!
  • 2nd highest is AS27699 (TELEFÔNICA BRASIL S.A, BR) with 47 nodes.
  • 3rd highest is AS18881 which seems to be related to 2nd highest with 37 nodes.
  • After Brazil, it’s Indian operators with highest number of visible FNAs in the world.
  • Highest number of FNA nodes are in city of Sao Paulo (Airport code: SAO). There are 88 nodes there.
  • 2nd higest is Rio (Airport code: GIG +RBR+SDU) with 51 nodes.
  • 3rd higest is Dhaka, Bangladesh with 48 nodes.
  • Out of total 3184 nodes, 2228 nodes have an IPv6 address & are dual stacked. That is about 69.97%.

Indian stats

  • Airtel AS9498 has highest number of Facebook FNA caching nodes. They got 33 nodes which is nice jump.
  • Jio got 2nd highest in India with around 32 nodes.
  • Vodafone AS38266 has got 25 nodes, while IDEA Cellular (with whom they merged recently) has got 13 nodes.
  • One interesting addition here seems to be AS18229 (CtrlS datacenter) in Hyderabad. Likely the node is to serve the traffic of their sister company – Pioneer Labs.
  • In total there are 208 Facebook FNA caching nodes in India.

Remember number of nodes is just a number & may not reflect actual capacity.

Indian FNA node list

ASNAS NameIPv4IPv6Airport CodeAirport Name
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.172404:a800:6:21:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.172404:a800:6:28:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.812404:a800:6:3f:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN116.119.39.182404:a800:6:5e:face:b00c:0:a7BEKRae
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.812404:a800:6:29:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.172404:a800:6:4e:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.191.1452a03:2887:ff05:200:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.191.192a03:2887:ff05:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.1482404:a800:6:3c:face:b00c:0:a7CCJCalicut
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.185.172a03:2887:ff06:0:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.194.2092404:a800:6:1c:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.2112404:a800:6:51:face:b00c:0:a7CJBCoimbatore
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.182404:a800:6:52:face:b00c:0:a7DBDDhanbad
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.189.172a03:2887:ff03:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.832404:a800:6:3b:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.2092404:a800:6:27:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.2122404:a800:6:3d:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.194.1452404:a800:6:1b:face:b00c:0:a7IXEMangalore
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.1462404:a800:6:40:face:b00c:0:a7IXJJammu
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.132.832404:a800:6:43:face:b00c:0:a7IXRRanchi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.182.172a03:2887:ff0a:0:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.132.192404:a800:6:42:face:b00c:0:a7JDHJodhpur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.832404:a800:6:53:face:b00c:0:a7JRHJorhat
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.812404:a800:6:22:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.2122404:a800:6:55:face:b00c:0:a7LUHLudhiana
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.190.172a03:2887:ff04:0:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.822404:a800:6:4f:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.184.172a03:2887:ff08:0:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.1452404:a800:6:2a:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.2112404:a800:6:41:face:b00c:0:a7RPRRaipur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.130.2112404:a800:6:4d:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.183.172a03:2887:ff09:0:face:b00c:0:a7VGAVijayawada
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.1462404:a800:6:54:face:b00c:0:a7VNSVaranasi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.172405:200:1611:2885:face:b00c:0:a7AGRAgra
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.812405:200:1609:2885:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.1452405:200:1615:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.2092405:200:160d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.2122405:200:163a:1818:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.172405:200:1608:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.172405:200:1602:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.2092405:200:1606:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.1452405:200:1617:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.192405:200:163d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.172405:200:1614:2885:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.1452405:200:160b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.62.1452405:200:1605:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.182.172405:200:163c:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.812405:200:1612:2885:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.1452405:200:160a:2885:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.172405:200:1638:2885:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio I nfocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.2092405:200:160a:1817:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.172405:200:1635:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.812405:200:161a:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXJJammu
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.1452405:200:1636:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXMMadurai
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.89.1452405:200:160f:2885:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.2092405:200:1637:2885:face:b00c:0:a7KNUKanpur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.89.2092405:200:161c:2885:face:b00c:0:a7LUHLudhiana
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.812405:200:1607:2885:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.62.172405:200:1604:2885:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.1452405:200:1613:2885:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.182.812405:200:1633:2885:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.812405:200:161d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SHLShillong
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.1452405:200:161b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SLVSimla
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.812405:200:1610:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SXRSrinagar
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.812405:200:163b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7UDRUdaipur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.2092402:3a80:c008:13:face:b00c:0:a7AGRAgra
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.172402:3a80:c000:13:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.172402:3a80:c00c:13:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.172402:3a80:c002:13:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.42.1452402:3a80:c01b:13:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN42.106.166.192402:3a80:c002:15:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.33.172402:3a80:c011:13:face:b00c:0:a7CCJCalicut
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.2092402:3a80:c009:13:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.43.172402:3a80:c01c:13:face:b00c:0:a7CJBCoimbatore
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.812402:3a80:c00e:13:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.812402:3a80:c005:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.172402:3a80:c006:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.39.172402:3a80:c015:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.812402:3a80:c00a:13:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.38.172402:3a80:c016:13:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN42.106.167.202402:3a80:c01c:15:face:b00c:0:a7IXMMadurai
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.1452402:3a80:c004:13:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.40.172402:3a80:c017:13:face:b00c:0:a7JDHJodhpur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.1452402:3a80:c007:13:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.1452402:3a80:c00b:13:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.42.172402:3a80:c01a:13:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.812402:3a80:c003:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.32.172402:3a80:c010:13:face:b00c:0:a7RAJRajkot
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.1452402:3a80:c001:13:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.36.172402:3a80:c014:13:face:b00c:0:a7VNSVaranasi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.153.172400:c700:300:0:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.112.172400:c700:104:0:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.3.812400:c700:4:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.149.1452400:c700:a000:0:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.58.172400:c700:1080:0:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.64.172400:c700:186:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.145.1452400:c700:1280:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.147.1452400:c700:1100:0:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.92.812400:c700:202:0:face:b00c:0:a7IDRIndore
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.151.1452400:c700:1200:0:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.155.172400:c700:380:0:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.79.172400:c700:280:0:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.82.172400:c700:83:0:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.230.81AMDAhmedabad
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.249.17BDQBaronda
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.157.812403:c00:b00:b:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.184.172403:c00:0:b:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.217.210BOMBombay
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.147.1452403:c00:d00:b:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.191.172403:c00:f00:b:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN123.201.147.146HYDHyderabad
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.160.812403:c00:c00:b:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.250.17PNQPoona
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.187.172403:c00:900:b:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN123.201.167.17STVSurat
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN116.72.7.812403:c00:800:b:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.109.89.21VTZVishakhapatnam
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.251.209BLRBangalore
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.69.221.172001:df7:6e00:3:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.223.145BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.57.141.209BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.214.147DELDelhi
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.69.222.17PNQPoona
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN43.250.166.209AMDAhmedabad
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN150.129.171.209BDQBaronda
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.56.230.209DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.48.198.209DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.212.157.146DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN144.48.73.145HYDHyderabad
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN103.250.190.209RAJRajkot
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN150.107.253.209STVSurat
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN202.83.22.172406:7400:4:1:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN106.51.156.209CJBCoimbatore
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN49.207.35.172406:7400:b7:0:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN49.205.163.209TIRTirupati
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN49.205.167.209VGAVijayawada
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN106.51.40.81VTZVishakhapatnam
45769DVOIS-IN D-Vois Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN1.186.201.172400:1f00:b7:2:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
45769DVOIS-IN D-Vois Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN1.186.190.172400:1f00:0:d:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
45194SIPL-AS Syscon Infoway Pvt. Ltd., IN110.5.75.172401:a100:2:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
17747SITINETWORS-IN-AP SITI NETWORKS LIMITED, IN103.225.178.2092406:3c80:1:3:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
17465ASIANET Cable ISP in India, IN202.88.226.812406:8800:9000:4000:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
17747SITINETWORS-IN-AP SITI NETWORKS LIMITED, IN103.217.246.172402:ea80:0:1:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
18209BEAMTELE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies pvt ltd, IN49.207.34.17DELDelhi
55824NKN-CORE-NW NKN Core Network, IN180.149.52.832405:8a00:a:20:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
13490BUCKEYECABLEVISION – Buckeye Cablevision, Inc., US72.240.67.82DTWDetroit
18209BEAMTELE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies pvt ltd, IN183.82.15.172406:b400:7:5:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
17754EXCELL-AS Excellmedia, IN202.133.50.812401:fb00:0:1:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
134033HIREACH-BROADBAND-AS HIREACH BROADBAND PRIVATE LTD, IN103.224.157.812001:df4:5f00:2:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55824NKN-CORE-NW NKN Core Network, IN180.149.62.182405:8a00:1a:4:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
45194SIPL-AS Syscon Infoway Pvt. Ltd., IN183.87.151.1452401:a100:3:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
13490BUCKEYECABLEVISION – Buckeye Cablevision, Inc., US72.240.67.18TOLToledo
17465ASIANET Cable ISP in India, IN202.164.151.2092406:8800:0:5:face:b00c:0:a7TRVTrivandrum
17754EXCELL-AS Excellmedia, IN175.101.127.81VGAVijayawada
134033< /td>HIREACH-BROADBAND-AS HIREACH BROADBAND PRIVATE LTD, IN103.57.132.812001:df4:5f01:2:face:b00c:0:a7WGCWarrangal
132933CTPLAND-AS CharotarTelelink Pvt Ltd, IN45.64.189.1452402:7780:1:fb:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55947BBNL-IN Bangalore Broadband Network Pvt Ltd, IN43.247.159.812404:1f00:fac3:b00c:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
45648BELLTELE-AS-IN Bell Teleservices India Pvt Ltd., ISP having own OFC network in Bangalore, India., IN111.125.202.172400:d280:4:1:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
132559GATIK-AS-IN Gatik Business Solutions, IN103.16.68.147BLRBangalore
135724PVTABNL-AS Allnet Broadband Network Pvt Ltd, IN103.69.20.2102001:df4:5c00:fffb:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
56268SREERAM-NED1-IN Northeast Dataa Network Pvt Ltd, IN43.224.129.209BLRBangalore
9829BSNL-NIB National Internet Backbone, IN117.252.90.20BLRBangalore
58678INTECHONLINE-IN Intech Online Private Limited, IN124.108.16.2092404:bd00:1:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55352MCPL-IN Microscan Computers Private Limited, IN103.226.191.2092406:9e00:3:1:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
18196SEVENSTAR-AS Seven Star Internet Service Provider, IN202.134.164.2092402:f200:301:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
45117INPL-IN-AP Ishan_s Network, IN103.214.129.172405:f600:41:2:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
133720SOFTCALLCOC-AS SOFT CALL CUST-O-CARE PRIVATE LIMITED, IN139.5.47.209BOMBombay
55832HOMESYSTEM-AS-AP HOME SYSTEMS PVT.LTD, IN120.88.176.145BOMBombay
55862WNET-IN Wan & Lan Internet Pvt Ltd, IN49.128.164.17BOMBombay
24554FIVE-NET-AS-IN Fivenetwork Solution India Pvt Ltd Internet, IN202.177.230.145BOMBombay
38457HNS-AS-AP Honesty Net Solution (I) Pvt Ltd, IN111.91.127.81BOMBombay
136334VNPL-AS Vortex Netsol Private Limited, IN103.88.222.812001:df5:b00:f00:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
132296SEVENSTARDIGITAL-AS-AP Seven Star Digital Network Private Limited, IN103.233.140.145BOMBombay
134014NET4USERVICES-AS-IN NET 4 U SERVICES PVT LTD, IN103.59.200.2092402:fbc0:0:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
135739INETWORK-AS-IN Inetwork Solutions Pvt Ltd, IN103.76.101.17BOMBombay
132220JPRDIGITAL-IN JPR Digital Pvt. Ltd., IN183.87.171.172403:7100:2:1:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
133968LOGON-AS-IN Logon Broadband, IN103.203.228.145BOMBombay
137098DNSPL-AS Delix Net Solution Pvt. Ltd, IN111.125.198.83BOMBombay
23860ALLIANCE-GATEWAY-AS-AP Alliance Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN203.171.243.145CCUCalcutta
45804MEGHBELA-IN MEGHBELA BROADBAND, IN103.56.238.17CCUCalcutta
45775WISHNET-AS-AP WISH NET PRIVATE LIMITED, IN27.131.215.145CCUCalcutta
45335IKF-IN-AS-AP IKF POWERNET, IN180.87.233.17CCUCalcutta
135760SPEDNT-AS Speednet Unique Network Pvt Ltd, IN103.75.163.2102404:9740:2:1:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
132976KINGSBROADBAND-AS-IN Kings Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN150.242.21.2092001:df6:e400:f800:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
58969KCCL-AS Kerala Communicators Cable Limited, IN137.59.84.145COKCochin
132116ANINETWORK-IN Ani Network Pvt Ltd, IN45.248.174.81DELDelhi
132453TRIPLE-PLAY-IN TRIPLE PLAY BROADBAND PRIVATE LIMITED, IN150.242.84.145DELDelhi
58965ABSPL-AS-IN ANJANI BROADBAND SOLUTIONS PVT.LTD., IN103.233.117.812001:df7:2b00:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
45184DEN-ISP-AS-IN-AP Den Digital Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. AS ISP india, IN112.196.177.172401:4300:4:9:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
133275GIGANTIC-AS Gigantic Infotel Pvt Ltd, IN103.59.199.145DELDelhi
133648MAGNUSTELELINKS-AS-IN MNR Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN43.231.57.81DELDelhi
45235GEONET GEOCITY NETWORK SOLUTIONS PVT LTD, IN119.42.153.145DELDelhi
10029SHYAMSPECTRA-AS SHYAM SPECTRA PVT LTD, IN125.63.114.172001:fd0:0:c:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
136696SIFI-AS-IN Sifi Online Pvt Ltd, IN103.48.110.17DELDelhi
134026ULTRANET-AS Ultranet services private limited, IN103.55.88.1452001:df2:d00:4:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
58640NEXTRA-IN NEXTRA TELESERVICES PVT. LTD., IN103.228.115.212DELDelhi
135772POWERNETCOMM-AS Powernet Communications Pvt.ltd., INRemoved on the request of networkRemoved on the request of networkDELDelhi
133676PNPL-AS Precious netcom pvt ltd, IN45.248.24.18DELDelhi
134341JDMBROADBAND-AS jdm broadband services pvt ltd, IN103.49.118.83DELDelhi
132934SKYMAX-AS Skymax Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN103.65.28.147DELDelhi
18229CTRLS-AS-IN CtrlS Datacenters Ltd., IN182.18.191.2092400:3b00:1:c3:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
59164APOLLOONLINE-AS Apollo Online Services Pvt ltd, IN103.245.197.209HYDHyderabad
17483CITYSERV-AS-AP CityOnline Services Ltd, IN202.62.66.172404:f100:500:1:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
17917QTLTELECOM-AS-AP Quadrant Televentures Limited, IN103.3.34.812403:8400:0:40:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
133661NETPLUS-AS Netplus Broadband Services Private Limited, IN103.41.21.17LUHLudhiana
132770GAZON-AS-IN Gazon Communications India Limited, IN43.241.24.2092404:4980:1:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
136284PTPL-AS-IN Paradise Telecom Pvt Ltd, IN103.97.167.210PNQPoona
56209RKINFRATEL-IN R. K. INFRATEL LIMITED, IN202.71.2.172406:2100:3:0:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat

Exploring to get a node of Facebook or just any other content network for your network? You can find their contact details in PeeringDB.

Disclaimer: This is my personal blog and post is done purely in my personal capacity and has nothing to do with my employeer.

01 Apr

India's digital slum problem

India has a slum problem as many of us know. Slums are a serious problem and there’s just no easy way to fix them. One cannot just push thousands and thousands of people out while at the same time quality of life in slums is terrible. One thing which happens a lot in India is the fact that Govt. does nothing when slums are getting established and once they are established situation gets out of control.
 
 

Coming to digital slums

This exact problem is applicable even to digital India. Optical fibre is one of the key and extremely important components of the “Digital India”. While Digital India may sound more like a fancy marketing word but one cannot simply expect much unless connectivity is there and with connectivity I mean affordable, reliable, super-fast connectivity with low latency. Most of the wireless technologies cannot deliver it or simply cannot scale up. So we need more and more fibre. Just like everywhere else we need to push fibre closer to the end user. Our approach in that design needs to be far different from Western world especially US, UK, etc. They lag behind considerably in last mile fibre deployment and the conditions are far different in deployments over there Vs of India.
Say for instance:

  1. Fixed line infra using twisted copper & coax is well built and is present in most parts of the Western world. In India, it’s almost missing.
  2. The cost of replacing existing infra is high in the Western world due to the expectation of certain quality, compliance etc and that makes it extremely expensive in terms of per user cost of delivering FTTH. I have read a number of estimates where it can cost $2000 – $3000 per household in an urban FTTH deployment.Even if it’s half of this it’s still on the quite higher side. In India, it’s a fraction of the cost.
  3. “Fibre to the node and something else beyond” can give high bandwidth. It may not be able to give 1Gbps but can easily do 50-100Mbps. Technologies like VDSL, DOCSIS 3.0 (and upcoming 3.1), use of cat5e / cat6 wiring inside buildings can give high bandwidth for a fraction of the cost. In India, that’s not an option (at large scale) due to a number of issues ranging from location/real estate cost of mini-PoP, cooling requirements, reliable & backup power requirements & ensuring no one steals the stuff! All that makes FTT(n) harder than FTTH in India. 

 
So is the picture so rosy and everything is fantastic? Can we expect lot’s of FTTH deployment now and for a really low price? Before I come to that, let me post some of the pictures I took recently of Salte Lake Electronic Complex, Kolkata.


 
It’s ugly, unscalable, will soon have reliability issues and of course it’s extremely likely illegal. It’s not just about Kolkata. Pick any of commercial areas in any of large Indian city and it would be similar. These are what we can call as “Digital slums”. Govt. isn’t focusing on them, they are coming up, getting established, serving gigs of capacity to various high revenue generating companies around. Same is true not just for India but most of developing countries around us.
 

Some pictures from streets in Dhaka


 

Some pictures from Kathmandu


 
and some pictures from last month’s travel to Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam:

 
Here’s a quick video showing it feels like over there…

 
That’s about Vietnam. Things would be scary if we try to replicate such model in a country like India. Thus one can clearly establish that this is going be a major problem and needs to be addressed.  At this point of time, one may ask why fibre gets deployed in this way? I asked this to a number of Indian networks and here is the summary of why:

  1. Rights of way are deadly expensive. Rights of way or RoW is referred to the charge network operators need to pay to local municipal bodies because of interruption when the fibre is deployed. Cost depends on a lot on the area but in key areas in Delhi, it can be as high as 80lakhs – 1crore per KM ($1.54k). Remember we are not talking about the cost of fibre (which is very low) or even hardware, or anything. This is a one-off cost that goes to municipal bodies. In my own city, I have 3 telco pits within 400m of my house and one of the telcos gave me an unofficial quote of 15lakhs ($23000!) for extending their fibre 400m.
  2. Because of above there’s a huge market of so-called LCOs (Local Cable Operators) and they lay the fibre. LCOs have (mostly) unofficial contracts with other LCOs and a considerable amount of last mile infra is not of any telco or ISP, it’s indeed of LCOs.
  3. The above model does not scale up since multiple LCOs put multiple fibre cables & a large part of it is illegal, undocumented and hence not worth much money on paper resulting in “hard to prove asset” for any private funding for expansion.

Illegal but ethical?

While a lot of that is purely illegal I cannot say it should not be allowed at all and Govt. should remove all of them right away. I know many smaller ISPs operating in tier 2, tier 3 cities and they provide excellent service, great competition and very good network built on fibre and mostly with GPON / GEPON etc. Almost all of them offer an excellent competition to state-run BSNL which is poor in most of the aspects of service deployment to technology, from sales to customer support. In other words, we very much need smaller private players to lay networks and they can do really well. Which makes the whole problem similar to “slums” and hence we can call it “India’s Digital Slum” problem. We can’t just get rid of them while we ignored and still very much ignoring the problem as it’s building up.
 

Possible solution?

So what can be a solution to this problem? Cheap RoW is not a solution. Already Indian cities struggle very much with basic infrastructure and cheap RoW will result in excessive digging, more broken roads, and more outages in utility services. While there has been a lot of innovation in the application layer, layer 3 as well as even transport layer there’s not much in the optical fibre. What I am trying to point out essentially is that fibre optic cables are more of a commodity now and single mode cables are cheap. The overall technology whether one does active ethernet or passive PON – the cost of technology is very low. A design of 100% underground cables is needed and will be ideal setup with the flexibility of adding more networks. If the optical fibre is laid by one or few players it can lead to the dangerous non-competition condition. While Govt’s efforts to do FTTH via BSNL & MTNL are nothing but a terrible waste of taxpayers money in the inefficiencies of those organisations. While interestingly other Govt. players who are doing fibre on long haul are doing much better. Take the case of RailTel or Powergrid Telecom. Both very much compete with their private counterparts for IP transit as well as high capacity circuits on long haul  (we refer those as NLD in India).
Here’s a possible solution for last mile deployment without ugly cables & which can work:

  1. A cabinet on each and every street in the city rolled out in phased manner across the country. One can have a single cabinet at inter- section. (This already exists at large scale for BSNL’s & MTNL’s copper infra btw!)
  2. Cabinet has to be active (with power!) so that one can put a switch or GPON OLT. Logic has to be to the aggregate traffic of all homes in the neighbourhood.
  3. It should be Govt. which lays cables from each of this street cabinet to atleast one of 4-5 neutral exchanges across a city (whichever is nearby). Number of exchanges very much depend on the size of the city. So, for instance, Delhi or Kolkata would need lot more. As long as there is 288 strand fibre available from core exchange area to the street, one can have as many as 100 ISPs + (each taking two strands up to cabinet). Now ISPs can decide which last mile technology to use. One can do with lower strand depending on the city. Even a 48 core can give over 20 ISPs per area which is fair amount of competition. Ideal would be to connect each cabinet to two exchanges so ISPs can create their own “rings” for redundancy reasons.
  4. From cabinets to each home ideal would be to have underground fibre laid by Govt. but doing that will be terribly expensive. It makes lot more sense to have overhead (well planned) cables from cabinet to each home. This won’t look as ugly as one may think and reduces cost significantly. Overhead at such shorter scale gives the option of “connecting home as demand comes”. While entire underground approach has to cover all and that doesn’t work well in terms of very low internet penetration.
  5. Connectivity beyond the central exchanges can be very well done with 100% underground fibre with existing expensive RoW since fibre beyond this point will be of telcos and by logical design would be used by lot’s of players with DWDM and cost won’t be a challenge. It’s similar to existing significant underground fibre reaching BTS sites across the country.

 
So under such design one can have a number of larger networks building their own fibre or simply buying waves from existing fibre players to reach exchanges in the city, a number of smaller ISPs can colocate their routers in neutral exchanges and take 2 strands of fibre to any of the streets via cross connect. And put a switch or OLT or any other technology which comes later or even a direct patch all the way from one central exchange in the city to end user. I cannot imagine any other solution which can possibly work without either making it more expensive or existing illegal way. Such model can have very least dependency on Govt. as the Govt can do basic pipes and neutral passive infra while leaving service deployment, plans & packages, marketing and various other aspects of a connection to private players. Such infra can very well be used for small cell sites which can service that neighbourhood and hence makes it possible to reduce strain on larger sites. Models like Stokab project followed in Stockholm is impressive. It tells how it can be done by Govt. / Municipal without burning tax payer’s money and in fact generate revenue out of it. Current Indian approach of overhead cables works and is fine for a shorter time but will be a massive “digital slum problem” in near future as more and more people are connected.