29 Nov

Facebook FNA node update

In March 2018 I mapped nodes of Facebook globally using the airport string they use in the CDN URLs (detailed post here). Since then I posted a couple of times updates on as they are adding more nodes. There also have been questions via emails and comments on the blog in recent times about updated data.

Here goes latest data as on 22 Nov 2019. It’s published here.

Global stats

  • Total nodes increased from 2204 as from Aug 2018 to 3184 now in Nov 2019.
  • Highest number FNA nodes are AS28573 (CLARO S.A., BR). They have 111 nodes!
  • 2nd highest is AS27699 (TELEFÔNICA BRASIL S.A, BR) with 47 nodes.
  • 3rd highest is AS18881 which seems to be related to 2nd highest with 37 nodes.
  • After Brazil, it’s Indian operators with highest number of visible FNAs in the world.
  • Highest number of FNA nodes are in city of Sao Paulo (Airport code: SAO). There are 88 nodes there.
  • 2nd higest is Rio (Airport code: GIG +RBR+SDU) with 51 nodes.
  • 3rd higest is Dhaka, Bangladesh with 48 nodes.
  • Out of total 3184 nodes, 2228 nodes have an IPv6 address & are dual stacked. That is about 69.97%.

Indian stats

  • Airtel AS9498 has highest number of Facebook FNA caching nodes. They got 33 nodes which is nice jump.
  • Jio got 2nd highest in India with around 32 nodes.
  • Vodafone AS38266 has got 25 nodes, while IDEA Cellular (with whom they merged recently) has got 13 nodes.
  • One interesting addition here seems to be AS18229 (CtrlS datacenter) in Hyderabad. Likely the node is to serve the traffic of their sister company – Pioneer Labs.
  • In total there are 208 Facebook FNA caching nodes in India.

Remember number of nodes is just a number & may not reflect actual capacity.

Indian FNA node list

ASNAS Name IPv4IPv6Airport CodeAirport Name
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.172404:a800:6:21:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.172404:a800:6:28:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.812404:a800:6:3f:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN116.119.39.182404:a800:6:5e:face:b00c:0:a7BEKRae
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.812404:a800:6:29:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.172404:a800:6:4e:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.191.1452a03:2887:ff05:200:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.191.192a03:2887:ff05:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.1482404:a800:6:3c:face:b00c:0:a7CCJCalicut
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.185.172a03:2887:ff06:0:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.194.2092404:a800:6:1c:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.2112404:a800:6:51:face:b00c:0:a7CJBCoimbatore
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.182404:a800:6:52:face:b00c:0:a7DBDDhanbad
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.189.172a03:2887:ff03:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.832404:a800:6:3b:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.2092404:a800:6:27:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.139.2122404:a800:6:3d:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.194.1452404:a800:6:1b:face:b00c:0:a7IXEMangalore
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.1462404:a800:6:40:face:b00c:0:a7IXJJammu
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.132.832404:a800:6:43:face:b00c:0:a7IXRRanchi
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.182.172a03:2887:ff0a:0:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.132.192404:a800:6:42:face:b00c:0:a7JDHJodhpur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.832404:a800:6:53:face:b00c:0:a7JRHJorhat
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.156.812404:a800:6:22:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.2122404:a800:6:55:face:b00c:0:a7LUHLudhiana
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.190.172a03:2887:ff04:0:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.129.822404:a800:6:4f:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.184.172a03:2887:ff08:0:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.155.1452404:a800:6:2a:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.133.2112404:a800:6:41:face:b00c:0:a7RPRRaipur
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.130.2112404:a800:6:4d:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN157.240.183.172a03:2887:ff09:0:face:b00c:0:a7VGAVijayawada
9498BBIL-AP BHARTI Airtel Ltd., IN182.79.128.1462404:a800:6:54:face:b00c:0:a7VNSVaranasi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.172405:200:1611:2885:face:b00c:0:a7AGRAgra
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.812405:200:1609:2885:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.1452405:200:1615:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BBIBhubaneswar
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.2092405:200:160d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.2122405:200:163a:1818:face:b00c:0:a7BHOBhopal
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.172405:200:1608:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.172405:200:1602:2885:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.2092405:200:1606:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.1452405:200:1617:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.192405:200:163d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.172405:200:1614:2885:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.1452405:200:160b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.62.1452405:200:1605:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.182.172405:200:163c:2885:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.90.812405:200:1612:2885:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.1452405:200:160a:2885:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.172405:200:1638:2885:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.88.2092405:200:160a:1817:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.172405:200:1635:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.812405:200:161a:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXJJammu
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.1452405:200:1636:2885:face:b00c:0:a7IXMMadurai
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.89.1452405:200:160f:2885:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.2092405:200:1637:2885:face:b00c:0:a7KNUKanpur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.89.2092405:200:161c:2885:face:b00c:0:a7LUHLudhiana
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.63.812405:200:1607:2885:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.62.172405:200:1604:2885:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.91.1452405:200:1613:2885:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.182.812405:200:1633:2885:face:b00c:0:a7PATPatna
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.180.812405:200:161d:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SHLShillong
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.1452405:200:161b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SLVSimla
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.92.812405:200:1610:2885:face:b00c:0:a7SXRSrinagar
55836RELIANCEJIO-IN Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, IN49.44.181.812405:200:163b:2885:face:b00c:0:a7UDRUdaipur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.2092402:3a80:c008:13:face:b00c:0:a7AGRAgra
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.172402:3a80:c000:13:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.172402:3a80:c00c:13:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.172402:3a80:c002:13:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.42.1452402:3a80:c01b:13:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN42.106.166.192402:3a80:c002:15:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.33.172402:3a80:c011:13:face:b00c:0:a7CCJCalicut
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.2092402:3a80:c009:13:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.43.172402:3a80:c01c:13:face:b00c:0:a7CJBCoimbatore
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.812402:3a80:c00e:13:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.812402:3a80:c005:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.172402:3a80:c006:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.39.172402:3a80:c015:13:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.812402:3a80:c00a:13:face:b00c:0:a7GAUGuwahati
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.38.172402:3a80:c016:13:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN42.106.167.202402:3a80:c01c:15:face:b00c:0:a7IXMMadurai
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.9.1452402:3a80:c004:13:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.40.172402:3a80:c017:13:face:b00c:0:a7JDHJodhpur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.7.1452402:3a80:c007:13:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.1452402:3a80:c00b:13:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.42.172402:3a80:c01a:13:face:b00c:0:a7NAGNagpur
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.8.812402:3a80:c003:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.32.172402:3a80:c010:13:face:b00c:0:a7RAJRajkot
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN1.38.5.1452402:3a80:c001:13:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
38266VODAFONE-IN Vodafone India Ltd., IN112.79.36.172402:3a80:c014:13:face:b00c:0:a7VNSVaranasi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.153.172400:c700:300:0:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.112.172400:c700:104:0:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.3.812400:c700:4:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.149.1452400:c700:a000:0:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.58.172400:c700:1080:0:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.64.172400:c700:186:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.145.1452400:c700:1280:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.147.1452400:c700:1100:0:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.92.812400:c700:202:0:face:b00c:0:a7IDRIndore
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.151.1452400:c700:1200:0:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.155.172400:c700:380:0:face:b00c:0:a7JAIJaipur
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.79.172400:c700:280:0:face:b00c:0:a7LKOLucknow
55644IDEANET1-IN Idea Cellular Limited, IN223.196.82.172400:c700:83:0:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.230.81AMDAhmedabad
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.249.17BDQBaronda
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.157.812403:c00:b00:b:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.184.172403:c00:0:b:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.217.210BOMBombay
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.147.1452403:c00:d00:b:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.191.172403:c00:f00:b:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN123.201.147.146HYDHyderabad
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.160.812403:c00:c00:b:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.187.250.17PNQPoona
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN202.88.187.172403:c00:900:b:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN123.201.167.17STVSurat
17488HATHWAY-NET-AP Hathway IP Over Cable Internet, IN116.72.7.812403:c00:800:b:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat
18207YOU-INDIA-AP YOU Broadband & Cable India Ltd., IN203.109.89.21VTZVishakhapatnam
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.251.209BLRBangalore
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.69.221.172001:df7:6e00:3:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.223.145BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.57.141.209BOMBombay
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN203.192.214.147DELDelhi
17665IN2CABLE-AP AS Number of Indusind Media and communication Ltd., IN103.69.222.17PNQPoona
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN43.250.166.209AMDAhmedabad
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN150.129.171.209BDQBaronda
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.56.230.209DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.48.198.209DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN103.212.157.146DELDelhi
133982EXCITEL-AS-IN Excitel Broadband Private Limited, IN144.48.73.145HYDHyderabad
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN103.250.190.209RAJRajkot
45916GTPL-AS-AP Gujarat Telelink Pvt Ltd, IN150.107.253.209STVSurat
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN202.83.22.172406:7400:4:1:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN106.51.156.209CJBCoimbatore
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN49.207.35.172406:7400:b7:0:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN49.205.163.209TIRTirupati
131269BEAMTELE-AS-AP ACTFIBERNET Pvt Ltd, IN49.205.167.209VGAVijayawada
24309CABLELITE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Broadband Internet Service Provider INDIA, IN106.51.40.81VTZVishakhapatnam
45769DVOIS-IN D-Vois Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN1.186.201.172400:1f00:b7:2:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
45769DVOIS-IN D-Vois Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN1.186.190.172400:1f00:0:d:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
45194SIPL-AS Syscon Infoway Pvt. Ltd., IN110.5.75.172401:a100:2:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
17747SITINETWORS-IN-AP SITI NETWORKS LIMITED, IN103.225.178.2092406:3c80:1:3:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
17465ASIANET Cable ISP in India, IN202.88.226.812406:8800:9000:4000:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
17747SITINETWORS-IN-AP SITI NETWORKS LIMITED, IN103.217.246.172402:ea80:0:1:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
18209BEAMTELE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies pvt ltd, IN49.207.34.17DELDelhi
55824NKN-CORE-NW NKN Core Network, IN180.149.52.832405:8a00:a:20:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
13490BUCKEYECABLEVISION – Buckeye Cablevision, Inc., US72.240.67.82DTWDetroit
18209BEAMTELE-AS-AP Atria Convergence Technologies pvt ltd, IN183.82.15.172406:b400:7:5:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
17754EXCELL-AS Excellmedia, IN202.133.50.812401:fb00:0:1:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
134033HIREACH-BROADBAND-AS HIREACH BROADBAND PRIVATE LTD, IN103.224.157.812001:df4:5f00:2:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
55824NKN-CORE-NW NKN Core Network, IN180.149.62.182405:8a00:1a:4:face:b00c:0:a7MAAMadras
45194SIPL-AS Syscon Infoway Pvt. Ltd., IN183.87.151.1452401:a100:3:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
13490BUCKEYECABLEVISION – Buckeye Cablevision, Inc., US72.240.67.18TOLToledo
17465ASIANET Cable ISP in India, IN202.164.151.2092406:8800:0:5:face:b00c:0:a7TRVTrivandrum
17754EXCELL-AS Excellmedia, IN175.101.127.81VGAVijayawada
134033HIREACH-BROADBAND-AS HIREACH BROADBAND PRIVATE LTD, IN103.57.132.812001:df4:5f01:2:face:b00c:0:a7WGCWarrangal
132933CTPLAND-AS CharotarTelelink Pvt Ltd, IN45.64.189.1452402:7780:1:fb:face:b00c:0:a7AMDAhmedabad
55947BBNL-IN Bangalore Broadband Network Pvt Ltd, IN43.247.159.812404:1f00:fac3:b00c:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
45648BELLTELE-AS-IN Bell Teleservices India Pvt Ltd., ISP having own OFC network in Bangalore, India., IN111.125.202.172400:d280:4:1:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
132559GATIK-AS-IN Gatik Business Solutions, IN103.16.68.147BLRBangalore
135724PVTABNL-AS Allnet Broadband Network Pvt Ltd, IN103.69.20.2102001:df4:5c00:fffb:face:b00c:0:a7BLRBangalore
56268SREERAM-NED1-IN Northeast Dataa Network Pvt Ltd, IN43.224.129.209BLRBangalore
9829BSNL-NIB National Internet Backbone, IN117.252.90.20BLRBangalore
58678INTECHONLINE-IN Intech Online Private Limited, IN124.108.16.2092404:bd00:1:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55352MCPL-IN Microscan Computers Private Limited, IN103.226.191.2092406:9e00:3:1:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
18196SEVENSTAR-AS Seven Star Internet Service Provider, IN202.134.164.2092402:f200:301:0:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
45117INPL-IN-AP Ishan_s Network, IN103.214.129.172405:f600:41:2:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
55862WNET-IN Wan & Lan Internet Pvt Ltd, IN49.128.164.17BOMBombay
24554FIVE-NET-AS-IN Fivenetwork Solution India Pvt Ltd Internet, IN202.177.230.145BOMBombay
38457HNS-AS-AP Honesty Net Solution (I) Pvt Ltd, IN111.91.127.81BOMBombay
136334VNPL-AS Vortex Netsol Private Limited, IN103.88.222.812001:df5:b00:f00:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
132296SEVENSTARDIGITAL-AS-AP Seven Star Digital Network Private Limited, IN103.233.140.145BOMBombay
134014NET4USERVICES-AS-IN NET 4 U SERVICES PVT LTD, IN103.59.200.2092402:fbc0:0:4:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
135739INETWORK-AS-IN Inetwork Solutions Pvt Ltd, IN103.76.101.17BOMBombay
132220JPRDIGITAL-IN JPR Digital Pvt. Ltd., IN183.87.171.172403:7100:2:1:face:b00c:0:a7BOMBombay
133968LOGON-AS-IN Logon Broadband, IN103.203.228.145BOMBombay
137098DNSPL-AS Delix Net Solution Pvt. Ltd, IN111.125.198.83BOMBombay
23860ALLIANCE-GATEWAY-AS-AP Alliance Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN203.171.243.145CCUCalcutta
45335IKF-IN-AS-AP IKF POWERNET, IN180.87.233.17CCUCalcutta
135760SPEDNT-AS Speednet Unique Network Pvt Ltd, IN103.75.163.2102404:9740:2:1:face:b00c:0:a7CCUCalcutta
132976KINGSBROADBAND-AS-IN Kings Broadband Pvt Ltd, IN150.242.21.2092001:df6:e400:f800:face:b00c:0:a7COKCochin
58969KCCL-AS Kerala Communicators Cable Limited, IN137.59.84.145COKCochin
132116ANINETWORK-IN Ani Network Pvt Ltd, IN45.248.174.81DELDelhi
58965ABSPL-AS-IN ANJANI BROADBAND SOLUTIONS PVT.LTD., IN103.233.117.812001:df7:2b00:0:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
45184DEN-ISP-AS-IN-AP Den Digital Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. AS ISP india, IN112.196.177.172401:4300:4:9:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
133275GIGANTIC-AS Gigantic Infotel Pvt Ltd, IN103.59.199.145DELDelhi
133648MAGNUSTELELINKS-AS-IN MNR Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN43.231.57.81DELDelhi
10029SHYAMSPECTRA-AS SHYAM SPECTRA PVT LTD, IN125.63.114.172001:fd0:0:c:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
136696SIFI-AS-IN Sifi Online Pvt Ltd, IN103.48.110.17DELDelhi
134026ULTRANET-AS Ultranet services private limited, IN103.55.88.1452001:df2:d00:4:face:b00c:0:a7DELDelhi
135772POWERNETCOMM-AS Powernet Communications Pvt.ltd., INRemoved on the request of networkRemoved on the request of networkDELDelhi
133676PNPL-AS Precious netcom pvt ltd, IN45.248.24.18DELDelhi
134341JDMBROADBAND-AS jdm broadband services pvt ltd, IN103.49.118.83DELDelhi
132934SKYMAX-AS Skymax Broadband Services Pvt. Ltd., IN103.65.28.147DELDelhi
18229CTRLS-AS-IN CtrlS Datacenters Ltd., IN182.18.191.2092400:3b00:1:c3:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
59164APOLLOONLINE-AS Apollo Online Services Pvt ltd, IN103.245.197.209HYDHyderabad
17483CITYSERV-AS-AP CityOnline Services Ltd, IN202.62.66.172404:f100:500:1:face:b00c:0:a7HYDHyderabad
17917QTLTELECOM-AS-AP Quadrant Televentures Limited, IN103.3.34.812403:8400:0:40:face:b00c:0:a7IXCChandigarh
133661NETPLUS-AS Netplus Broadband Services Private Limited, IN103.41.21.17LUHLudhiana
132770GAZON-AS-IN Gazon Communications India Limited, IN43.241.24.2092404:4980:1:3:face:b00c:0:a7PNQPoona
136284PTPL-AS-IN Paradise Telecom Pvt Ltd, IN103.97.167.210PNQPoona
56209RKINFRATEL-IN R. K. INFRATEL LIMITED, IN202.71.2.172406:2100:3:0:face:b00c:0:a7STVSurat

Exploring to get a node of Facebook or just any other content network for your network? You can find their contact details in PeeringDB.

Disclaimer: This is my personal blog and post is done purely in my personal capacity and has nothing to do with my employeer.

22 Nov

My home network…

This is a common discussion topic when I tell friends in Indian network operators that I work from home. As soon as I say that, they ask me – “How good is the connectivity at your home?” And of course like all answers in engineering – it depends. 🙂

So I have two links at my home: IAXN and Siti broadband. IAXN is a FTTH connection with 50Mbps down and 25Mbps up, while Siti broadband is a DOCSIS connection with ~60Mbps down and 25Mbps up.

Both have reasonable but not 100% uptime. So to get close to 100% uptime, I use both together. These are consumer grade connections with no BGP. These days many routing platforms support running multiple WAN links for the redundancy reasons. I use Ubnt Edgerouter Lite which my good friend Nat Morris gifted me a while ago. Both links are defined in the “load balancing” where one link acts as primary and other for failover only with multiple routing tables. Next, policy based routing on the LAN VLAN sub-interface takes care of routing packets as needed. This documentation covers the setup in detail. For wifi I use a Asus device which runs purely as a access point in bridged mode with no routing.

Some other things in use at home network:

  • A Raspberry pi 3 stays on a dedicated VLAN & runs multiple site to site Wireguard VPN tunnels (over multiple WAN links) to multiple of my remote locations.
  • It also runs OSPF over FRR to ensure dynamic routing table changes whenever a link is changed. I can switch over traffic by defining the OSPF cost.
  • My server in Munich runs a NGIX proxy & apart from doing various tasks, it also hosts a test URL which does reverse proxy via Raspberry Pi at my home over Siti broadband (only). UptimeRobot monitors that URL for availability and that’s how I monitor my Siti broadband link which is without any public IP and totally behind the CGNAT.
  • Site to site VPNs over multiple links with OSPF taking care of dynamically moving traffic also takes care of things like SNMP monitoring of home devices. I use LibreNMS which is hosted remotely & keeps an eye on home network.
  • Raspberry Pi at home also runs Smokeping where certain predefined targets are moved forcefully out of each WAN link to plot latency. That helps in keeping eye on latency to ISP’s core, as well as upstream telco cores via each link.
  • I also host a node for Galmon project node to keep an eye on (American) GPS satellites, European, Chinese & Russian navigation satellites. The wonderful map here shows the receivers. Lately project is getting good coverage for it’s stats (reference here)
  • I run a DNS resolver at home (again on the raspberry pi)

While there’s auto switching in case of failure or packet loss beyond certain rate on the primary WAN link, I also have a ansible playbook which can be used to tweak the primary/secondary choice & the playbook is available via Semaphone web UI based interface so that my family can switch if they need to.

So the end result is close to 100% uptime (30 seconds outage if primary fails) as well with no irritating wifi switching as well as push notifications on my phone about an outage (via Uptime Robot) for both links. Usually there’s outage once in 30 days not because of WAN links but because I have shut things to clean up the dust.

17 Oct

New rules related to road safety

(A very Indian specific post, International readers feel free to skip this one!)

From last month Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 came to existence. It increases fines for various violations a lot more then what it used to be. I don’t need to cover what has changed since it has been extensively covered in various news articles. One can refer to the Times of India article here which has a nice comparison of old Vs new fine.

This change is a great move and I am little surprised at the stupidity of Indian politicians who even made it an election move to halt it. Due to the federal structure of India, it’s the State Governments who can decide whether or not to apply some parts of it. While there are various sections of society who romanticize with the idea of giving power to states and even more to local city bodies, I found often local folks way more corrupt, idiotic than their National counterparts. The fact that we rank really bad on road safety it’s really needed.

Discussion with a friend

I was once in Muscat for MENOG and I decided to stay for 2 extra after the conference to the roam around but found there was almost no public transport around in a place where I was staying. Plus it was quite expensive to take a taxi. I mentioned this to a good from the UK and he suggested me to rent a car. I promptly replied “no” hinting that it would be hard for me to drive in Oman because there are many “obvious” rules which don’t look obvious to me from the (Indian) system I am used to. He replied back – “If you don’t know the rules, you shouldn’t be driving in India anyway!“. Besides ignoring his amazing level of thinking, I just terminated the discussion. 🙂

My driving has gone from decent to safe over the last few years as a result of looking at how people drive across the world. But I must say from my experience average Indian driving has gone really bad. This is the interesting part – while all other infra like roads, bridges, power infra, telecom has gone much better in say last 10-20 years, average driving has gone from bad to worst. The only place where I have seen driving even worst then ours is in Bangladesh.

Documentation, Digilocker and some thoughts

One of the commonly reported issue with new rules is the fact that it’s very expensive to be driving with a driving license and registration certificate. The new rules have fine of 5,000 INR ($70 USD) for that. That’s actually a real challenge as it beings to dilemma whether to carry driving license regularly at risk of losing it Vs the fine. One thing which comes at the rescue is the Digilocker platform which is a Govt. run platform for pulling the documents from various Central and State Govt. bodies. As per various notifications are given on the Digilocker website (here), it is an accepted valid proof for showing driving license as well as the registration certificate. The traffic policeman checking the documents can anyway validate it from their handheld device using the unique numbers on these. This option is much better than to carry originals since replacement for lost ones is still a bit challenging. The RTO (Regional Transport Office) are often crowded with people applying for new licenses. Though the fact that due to issues in name, missing of surnames, father’s name etc it does breaks sometimes for pulling the document.

Few more things which will help in fixing millions of people to drive better:

  1. Police reforms so that local politicians cannot simply push away a traffic policeman when they fine someone.
  2. Addition of content in the school curriculum for safer driving, showing some scary driving videos & it results to young people will further help.
  3. An overhaul of traffic signal lights across the country. It’s quite poor, doesn’t work many times, doesn’t responds to traffic as it should, designed so poorly that someones a street light pole blocks the visibility of signal etc.
  4. Mandating footpaths across all roads and at least the ones which are built now. This issue results in pedestrians being forced to walk on the road.
  5. Make it mandatory for bicycles riders to use the helmet as well as lights during the night time.